Ciliates - More Photos

1. Ciliates of the group colpoda, based on the kidney-bean shape.

Kidney bean-shaped Ciliates

2. This type is a "soil salmon".


3.  All ciliates indicate anaerobic conditions occurring at this time.


4.  Stalked ciliate. A holdfast attaches to the aggregate material at the bottom of the photo.

Stalked Ciliate

5.  Vorticella: A type of stalked ciliate. The cilia sticks out the top, like a flower coming into blossom.


6.  A ciliate that was moving through the soil solution and as conditions deteriorated it rounded up into a cyst. It is a recently formed ciliate cyst. The internal material will be chewed up until it is clear. There is too much oxygen and it went dormant.

Dormant Ciliate Cyst

7.  This many ciliates indicate an anerobic condition.  If it is a tea sample, do not use it unless you are trying to kill a plant.

8.  Ciliate undergoing fission. It is splitting in two.

9.  Ciliates are the largest protoza and move by eans of hair-like cilia. (Photo by Zach Wright)

10.  So many ciliates! Can you find them all?